was hard on the early Keweenaw copper mining frontier. While most of
the early miners were single men, there were those who brought their
families with them to this new land. When the Central Mine opened in
1855 the company used a building at the neighboring Northwestern mine as
a school for Central children. By 1861 the school was serving 79
children, almost double the number it served in 1859. The school grew as
the mine grew, and by 1870 was busting at the seams with 226 students.
A 1912 Reunion photo showing the church where classes were held before the new school as built. (KCHS)
original schoolhouse near the Northwestern property was now
supplemented by the use of two basement classrooms in the Methodist
Church. In 1877 there were 288 students trying to fit into the old
schoolhouse. The school had earlier begun to use the Methodist Church
basement for classrooms and now even that was full of students. The
Central Mining Company decided to build a new school to house the ever-increasing school population. They selected a site on the bluff
overlooking the town with a commanding view of the valley and town
below. It is said that the school was placed on the bluff so that the
noise of the children at school would not bother the night shift miners
who were asleep in the homes below during the day. (However, as an
interesting side note, the school was placed rather close to the mine's
dynamite storage building that was also on top of the ridge.) The three-story school building had four rooms each on the lower two floors and
an auditorium on the third floor. It cost the company $7, 500 to build
the school which was designed to hold 350 students. It opened to a
population of 305 students in 1878. In 1879 it served 352 students, just
above the capacity for the building; however, the average daily
attendance for 1879 was reported as 221 per day so it is doubtful that
all 352 ever showed up on the same day.
Central school served as a center for the community. The annual
Methodist Church concert was held in the auditorium on the third floor.
In his book about Central Alfred Nicholls notes the stage had a
table-canvas drop curtain, a half-dozen oil lamps as foot lights, and a
hand bell to announce the rising of the curtain. Seating was a series of
benches with two aisles between them. While the floor of the auditorium
was level, each bench from the first to the last row rose a little in
height until it was almost necessary to use a footstool to sit on the
benches in the last rows. Plays, vocal concerts, and the Central Cornet
Brass Band all performed in the auditorium.
The Central School as it stood high upon the ridge over town. (KCHS)
the copper began to run out the mine began to lay off miners. The
school population dropped as men left to seek work at other mines. The school served 245 students in 1881 and was down to 201 by 1888.
By 1895 enrollment was down to 82, the same general level as 1861-62. By
1901 the State of Michigan noted that the mine “has been closed a
number of years.” The once magnificent school building had closed.
School enrollment was now down to 13 pupils and classes were
held in the Temperance Lodge Building. The school that once employed five
teachers now employed one. In a few more years, those students remaining
at Central transferred their work to the neighboring school at Eagle
Harbor. The magnificent school building was razed and much of its wood
left Central to become part of other buildings in the Keweenaw.
This page was written by L.J. Molloy for the KCHS.